Dimensions of Religiosity as Predictor of Ambivalent Sexism among University Faculty in Central-Northern Punjab, Pakistan
Amber Shahzad, Sameera Shafiq, Mirza Rizwan Sajid

The present study attempted to explore the relationship between the religiosity and ambivalent sexism among University faculty members and how its subtypes contributed to the prediction of the perception regarding ambivalent sexism. A purposive sampling technique was used to collect data from 375 faculty members, selected from University of Gujrat (Gujrat Campus), Gift University (Gujranwala Campus), University of Punjab (Gujranwala Campus), and University of Sargodha (Gujranwala Campus). Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI) by Glick and Fiske (2000) was used to access Ambivalent Sexism (hostile sexism & benevolent sexism) and Muslim Religiosity Personality Inventory (MRPI) by Lateef (2011) was used to religiosity comprised of rituals (intrinsic religiosity) and mu’amalat (extrinsic religiosity) among faculty members to collect data for the testing of the research hypotheses. The results indicated that both the dimensions of religiosity (rituals and mu’amalat) are significant predictor of ambivalent sexism among university faculty members situated in Central-Northern Punjab. The present study revealed that Mu’amalat (extrinsic religiosity) was significantly positively correlated and Rituals (intrinsic religiosity) was significantly negatively correlated with ambivalent sexism. There were no significant gender differences for benevolent sexism, Mu’amalat, and Ambivalent sexism. But within gender comparison, males significantly showed high mean level for hostile sexism where as females showed significant high mean level for rituals and religiosity. Faculty members residing urban areas with nuclear family system showed significant high mean difference on the level of rituals only as compared to their counterparts. The designation and qualification of university teachers has no significant impact on religiosity and ambivalent sexism. However, teachers of University of Sargodha have scored high as compared to others on religiosity significantly. But all the educated members teaching community did not different in their attitudes for ambivalent sexism. The implications of the study are discussed in the light of the present results to take intervening steps for enhanced psycho-education and reduction of biases among educated class of Punjab teaching in the Universities.

Full Text: PDF      DOI: 10.15640/ijgws.v3n2a15